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Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. So, I have to make a Java game in the style of Nim I just have a couple of questions that I'm confused on:.

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Question 1: The program executes fine, and it even runs once, but after going through the code once, the program quits I need help seeing why it does that Am I using the wrong loop? From the documentation of Random:.

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Returns a pseudorandom, uniformly distributed int value between 0 inclusive and the specified value exclusive. Since you've computed computerMode as this:. Returns a pseudorandom, uniformly distributed int value between 0 inclusive and the specified value exclusive Consequently, since you're passing in the value 1, the only possible value that can be returned is 0.

I suggested using the nextBoolean method as well, since it looks like you're using the nextInt method to generate a Boolean-like value anyways.

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Learn more. Asked 6 years, 4 months ago. Active 5 years, 6 months ago. Viewed 23k times. I just have a couple of questions that I'm confused on: Question 1: The program executes fine, and it even runs once, but after going through the code once, the program quits Question 2: Why does the program always choose the computer to be in the so-called "Smart Mode?

Thank you guys :D Here is my code: import java. PratikM PratikM 33 1 1 gold badge 1 1 silver badge 3 3 bronze badges. Well actually, I figured out the loop thingy, I just had to get rid of the return statement I wrote after the computer's turn Active Oldest Votes.

From the documentation of Random: Returns a pseudorandom, uniformly distributed int value between 0 inclusive and the specified value exclusive. The simple fix is to make it nextInt 2since there are 2 possible modes.

If there's only two modes that the computer can be in maybe you can use nextBoolean instead? PakkuDon PakkuDon 1, 4 4 gold badges 20 20 silver badges 21 21 bronze badges. Since you've indicated that you have solved your first question, I'll answer the second. Paul Richter Paul Richter Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password. Post as a guest Name. Email Required, but never shown. The Overflow Blog.

Nim Backend Integration

Featured on Meta. Feedback on Q2 Community Roadmap. Technical site integration observational experiment live on Stack Overflow.Nim is an imperativegeneral-purposemulti-paradigmstatically typedsystemscompiled programming language [7] designed and developed by Andreas Rumpf. Nim is statically typed. Object-oriented programming is supported by inheritance and multiple dispatch. Functions can be generic and can also be overloaded, and generics are further enhanced by the support for type classes.

Operator overloading is also supported. Dobb's Journal said:. The goal for Nim is to be as fast as C, as expressive as Python, and as extensible as Lisp.

Nim's initial development was started in by Andreas Rumpf. It was originally named Nimrod and the project was made public in The syntax of Nim is readable, as it highly resembles that of Python.

Even though Nim supports indentation based syntax like Python, it introduced flexibility whereby one could break statements with a comma or binary operator to the next line. Nim also supports user-defined operators. Nim is almost fully style-insensitive; two identifiers are considered equal if they only differ by capitalization and underscores, as long as the first characters are identical.

The Nim compiler emits optimized C code by default and defers compiling to object code to an external C compiler [24] to leverage the existing optimizing and portability capabilities of the C compiler. The Nim compiler is self-hostingmeaning it is written in the Nim language. This is handy when building applications for embedded systems as compiling in those systems is usually slower and also for building softwares for rare computer architecture.

Nimble is the standard package manager used by Nim to package Nim modules, [26] it was initially developed by Dominik Picheta who is also a core Nim developer. Newer releases of Nim come with Nimble included. Nimble packages are defined by. These scripts allow changing of test procedure, or for custom tasks to be written. Because Nimble comes with the Nim compiler, it is possible to test the Nimble environment by running: nimble -v This command will reveal the version number, the compilation date and time and git hash of nimble.

Nimble utilizes gitwhich must be available for Nimble to function well. Choosenim installs Nim from official downloads and sources, enabling easy switching between stable and development compilers.

Is a generic tool for manipulating text. It is used to search for regex or peg patterns or search the whole directory at once and also replace tasks. Nimfix is a tool that helps to convert old-style Nimrod code to Nim code. Only what maps easily to Nim is supported. Free Pascal, Delphi-style classes, and some other features are unsupported.

At this time, development and maintenance is mostly stalled. The Nim standard library can be classified in to two groups known as the pure libraries and impure libraries. Are a collection of modules written only in Nim programming language, without wrappers to access libraries written in other programming languages. The pure modules can be further classified into subgroups based on their tasks, which includes the following:.

The impure modules of Nim code which depend on external libraries that are written in other programming languages such as C. Nim can interface with the Lua [36] and Python interpreter.This article includes a list of ten interesting languages that can compile to JavaScript to be executed in the browser or on a platform like Node. Modern applications have different requirements from simple websites.

But the browser is a platform with a mostly fixed set of technologies available, and JavaScript remains as the core language for web applications. Any application that needs to run in the browser has to be implemented in that language. To avoid this problem, several new languages and transpilers of existing ones have been created, all of them producing code that can work in the browser without any lines of JavaScript having to be written, and without you having to think about the limitations of the language.

Dart is a classical, object-oriented language where everything is an object and any object is an instance of a class objects can act as functions too. The language can be translated to JavaScript to be used in a browser, or be directly interpreted by the Dart VM, which allows you to build server applications too.

Mobile applications can be made using the Flutter SDK. Complex applications also require a mature set of libraries and language features specially designed for the task, and Dart includes all of this.

An example of a popular library is AngularDarta version of Angular for Dart. It allows you to write type-safe code without being too intrusive.

Nim for Beginners #15 Files

This allows for rapid prototyping without having to overthink the details, but once you have something working, you can add types to make it more robust. Regarding concurrent programming in the VM, instead of shared-memory threads Dart is single-threadedDart uses what they call Isolateswith their own memory heap, where communication is achieved using messages.

In the browser, the story is a little different: instead of creating new isolates, you create new Workers. TypeScript is a superset of JavaScript. A valid JavaScript program is also valid TypeScript, but with static typing added. Unlike many other languages, TypeScript keeps the spirit of JavaScript intact, only adding features to improve the soundness of the code. These are type annotations and other type-related functionality that makes writing JavaScript more pleasant, thanks to the enabling of specialized tools like static analyzers and other tools to aid in the refactoring process.

Also, the addition of types improve the interfaces between the different components of your applications. You can write quick solutions, and then add all the types to get confident about your code.

TypeScript also has support for advanced types, like intersection types, union types, type aliases, discriminated unions and type guards. JSX is also supported by adding the React typings if you use React:. You can build a complete site with just Elm, making it a great alternative to JavaScript frameworks like React. The applications that you build with it automatically use a virtual DOM library, making it very fast. One big plus is the built-in architecture that makes you forget about data-flow and focus on data declaration and logic instead.

Another point for purity is that values are immutable: when you need something, you create new values, instead of modifying them. The adoption of Elm can be gradual.

nim javascript

One of the most attractive features of Elm is the beginner-friendly compiler, which, instead of producing hard-to-read messages, generates code that helps you to fix your code.

SitePoint has a handy getting started with Elm article if you want to find out more. PureScript is a purely functional and strongly typed programming language, created by Phil Freeman.

It aims to provide strong compatibility with available JavaScript libraries, similar to Haskell in spirit, but keeping JavaScript at its core. A strong point for PureScript is its minimalism.

nim javascript

For example, instead of including generators and promises in the compiler itself, you can use specific libraries for the task. You can choose the implementation you want for the feature you need, which allows a highly efficient and personalized experience when using PureScript, while keeping the generated code as small as possible.Author: Puppet Master Version: 1.

The Nim Compiler User Guide documents the typical compiler invocation, using the compile or c command to transform a. This document tries to concentrate in a single place all the backend and interfacing options. The C like targets creates source files which can be compiled into a library or a final executable. The JavaScript target can generate a. On top of generating libraries or standalone applications, Nim offers bidirectional interfacing with the backend targets through generic and specific pragmas.

The most significant difference between these commands is that if you look into the nimcache directory you will find. This allows you to take the generated code and place it directly into a project using any of these languages.

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Nim can also generate JavaScript code through the js command. Nim targets JavaScript 1. Since JavaScript does not have a portable means to include another module, Nim just generates a long.

Features or modules that the JavaScript platform does not support are not available. This includes:. However, the modules strutilsmathand times are available! To compile a Nim module into a. Nim offers bidirectional interfacing with the target backend. This means that you can call backend code from Nim and Nim code can be called by the backend code. Usually the direction of which calls which depends on your software architecture is Nim your main program or is Nim providing a component?

Nim code can interface with the backend through the Foreign function interface mainly through the importc pragma. The importc pragma is the generic way of making backend symbols available in Nim and is available in all the target backends JavaScript too. Whenever you use any of these pragmas you need to integrate native code into your final binary.

In the case of JavaScript this is no problem at all, the same html file which hosts the generated JavaScript will likely provide other JavaScript functions which you are importing with importc.

However, for the C like targets you need to link external code either statically or dynamically.What is JavaScript? Lightweight, interpreted, object-oriented language with first-class functions. JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles.

What is Nim? A statically typed compiled systems programming language. It combines successful concepts from mature languages like Python, Ada and Modula. Thousands of improvements that makes it very powerful especially in asynchronous programming.

The web is full of courses, dev communities, free sample code, plunkers and many knowledge sources on Node. What else we can ask from a legendary language that is still evolving? I am learning Node. Until now the results are astonishing. Summarizing: Node. I have truly hated JavaScript for a long time. Like, for over twenty years now.

Like, since the Clinton administration. It's always been a nightmare to deal with all of the aspects of that silly language. But wowza, things have changed. Tooling is just way, way better.

I'm primarily web-oriented, and using React and Apollo together the past few years really opened my eyes to building rich apps. And I deeply apologize for using the phrase rich apps ; I don't think I've ever said such Enterprisey words before.Nim community survey has been open for 50 days, and we have received responses, which is our record-high number inin Before we go into details, we would like to thank all the people who took the time to respond.

We really appreciate the feedback! Karax is a framework for developing single page applications in Nim. Leverage Nim's macro system to produce a framework that allows for the development of applications that are boilerplate free. Nimbus aims to be a sharding client for Ethereum 2. Ethereum will potentially be on embedded systems, Nimbus will be designed to perform well on IoT and personal mobile devices. Efficient, expressive, elegant. Nim is a statically typed compiled systems programming language.

It combines successful concepts from mature languages like Python, Ada and Modula. Efficient Nim generates native dependency-free executables, not dependent on a virtual machine, which are small and allow easy redistribution.

Fast deferred reference counting memory management that supports real-time systems. Modern concepts like zero-overhead iterators and compile-time evaluation of user-defined functions, in combination with the preference of value-based datatypes allocated on the stack, lead to extremely performant code. Expressive Nim is self-contained: the compiler and the standard library are implemented in Nim. Nim has a powerful macro system which allows direct manipulation of the AST, offering nearly unlimited opportunities.

Elegant Macros cannot change Nim's syntax because there is no need for it — the syntax is flexible enough. Modern type system with local type inference, tuples, generics and sum types. Statements are grouped by indentation but can span multiple lines. Install Learn Nim. They are compiled to inline loops. Nimbus Ethereum client Nimbus aims to be a sharding client for Ethereum 2.

Find more projects. Build command-line applications, games, web servers, kernels and everything else in between. Nim has a low barrier to entry and offers powerful features you won't find in many mainstream programming languages. Nim in Action The first Nim book, Nim in Action, is now available for purchase as an eBook or printed soft cover book.

Learn the basics such as Nim's syntax and advanced features including macros, and gain practical experience with the language by being led through multiple application development examples. Teaches the basics including the syntax of Nim. Explains how to use the Nimble package manager.

Efficient, expressive, elegant

Includes step-by-step instructions and explanations of how to develop various applications, including a chat program, a Twitter clone and more. Learn more.Nim is a general-purpose systems programming language that's designed to be efficient, expressive, and elegant. The Nim compiler produces dependency-free binaries for most platforms as well as JavaScript for the web. Streamline Your Node. Nim implemenation of Material Design Component. As a core part of mdc, ripple effect has been basically done, others are working in process.

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